The main objective of the project is to create climate-resilient agricultural and livestock farms located in the most drought prone regions of Uzbekistan, in particular in the Republic of Karakalpakstan. Project will help the central, regional and local governments, and will focus on adaptation of the most vulnerable farming and pastoral communities to climate change processes. The measures and actions proposed by the project will help to withstand the current and future impacts of climate change and increased frequency of droughts in this region, to approach the problem of water availability and decline in land productivity.

Due to its unfavorable geographic position, arid climatic conditions and anthropogenic disaster caused by the drying up of the Aral Sea Karakalpakstan is one of the most vulnerable to climate change regions in the Republic of Uzbekistan. It is located in the lower reaches of the main rivers of the Aral Basin, and often water reaches this region in small quantities and of a low quality, sometimes there is no water coming from the upper regions, especially during the drought periods and the situation with water resources becomes catastrophic. Karakalpakstan and its five districts have been selected as pilot areas of the project: Muynak, Kegeyli, Takhtakupir, Chimbay, Kanlykol.

component1

  1. Upgraded observation and monitoring infrastructure (e.g. 2 Doppler water meters, automatization of 8 meteostations) for effective data receiving and transmission.
  2. A multi-modal platform has been created for data flow integration from hydrometeorological observations to end users.
  3. Drought early warning mechanisms are in place and functioning (sensors, precipitation gauges, warning dissemination mechanisms, etc.) in order to minimize drought's negative impacts.
  4. Professional scientific centers have been established to provide advice to dehkan farms on adaptation to climate change for the purposes of climate risk management at the farm level, including field schools/centers at the district level and the level of rural communities for direct dissemination of information and knowledge among farmers and pastoralists, as well as targeted training on adaptation practices.

component2

  1. 40,000 Dekhkan farmers have adopted climate resilient conservation agriculture practices (e.g. low till, mixed cropping, fodder production, and residue crop soil covering adopted measures adopted at 80,000 ha of dekhkan farms)
  2. 40,000 dekhkan farms apply water-saving irrigation practices (for example, laser land leveling, management of water resources of artesian wells, siphon and drip irrigation systems in order to improve drainage at the farm level and minimize soil salinity are used on 80,000 ha)
  3. 40% of targeted dekhkan farms have established fruit and vegetable greenhouses on 20,000 ha of farms in order to minimize the negative impacts of drought on the crop productivity of the farms
  4. Legislative and legal framework is in place, which is necessary for replication and large-scale distribution of well-proven adaptation measures

component2

  1. Local saksaul and tamarix plantations deliver sand stabilization and soil desalinization function for 1,042,094 ha of farm and adjacent farmlands, based on wind models and comprehensive landscape rehabilitation and management plan
  2. A tree planting management scheme has been developed, as a scheme of employment of rural communities for implementation of adaptation measures at the landscape level
  3. A system of cooperative management of works to restore and manage the landscape in order to facilitate the mechanisms for ensuring control and accountability of rural communities

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  1. Inventory of all tested agronomic and water saving measures to map out successful practices
  2. The results of the analysis and lessons learned, which relate to climate resilient systems, crop cultivation and distant-pasture cattle tending in arid lands, have been documented and disseminated through print and Internet media
  3. Meetings to demonstrate advanced adaptation practices in agricultural and pasture lands have been held on a quarterly basis with the participation of representatives of central government organizations, local governments, rural communities and the media